Abstract: Porous materials are outstanding catalysts in various reactions using confinement and shape selectivity effects. Unsurprisingly, extensive research has been conducted on zeolites, pillared clays, metal oxides, metal organic frameworks, and mesoporous materials. In particular, selective oxidation of hydrocarbons stands out an important class of reactions, but the ability to avoid over-oxidation remains a challenge. Thus, the present review highlights the latest findings on octahedral and tetrahedral catalytic materials in oxidation reactions, primarily focusing on types of reactive oxygen species and approaches to their investigation, on the incorporation of different heteroatoms (Ti, Sn) into silica matrices for catalytic purposes and corresponding types of reactions and on surface engineering and design of “single-site catalysts”. In addition, composite catalysts for one-pot selective oxidation reactions are reviewed, providing examples from photochemistry including “single-site photocatalysis”, electrocatalysis, and integration of metal complexes with functional solid materials. Ultimately, the end goal of this review is to discuss current state-of-the-art approaches that are being used in the area of selective catalytic oxidations with some novel porous materials. This includes methods that are being used to study mechanistic details as well as new catalysts and new substrates for such oxidations.

Some novel porous materials for selective catalytic oxidations


Read full text on ScienceDirect

DOI: 10.1016/j.mattod.2019.06.008