Over the last decade, narrow-band emitters have been recognized as key enablers for light emitting diodes (LEDs) backlights in liquid-crystal displays (LCDs) by competing with other display technologies. Today, efforts have been devoted to the exploration of narrow-band green/red luminescent materials with high quantum efficiency and excellent stability to optimize the performance of LED backlights. This review first presents an overview of the significant progress made in the development of narrow-band emitters used in LED backlights for LCDs with the emphasis on the versatile materials databases from doped phosphors to luminescent II–VI, III-V semiconductor quantum dots, and the recent halide perovskites nanocrystals and bulk metal halides. Subsequently, the correlation of structure-luminescence properties, and the device performance optimization of these emitters have been analyzed. The focus is placed on summarizing and comparing the remarkable examples of outdated and new narrow-band luminescent materials as potential candidates in LED backlights. Finally, the outlooks and challenges in discovering new narrow-band emitters have been proposed.

Narrow-band emitters in LED backlights for liquid-crystal displays


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DOI: 10.1016/j.mattod.2020.04.032