Abstract: Laboratory diagnosis of pathologies caused by virus plays a critical role in outbreak response efforts and establishing safe and expeditious testing strategies. Detection of pathogenic virus using commercial solutions require specific tools and laborious laboratory procedures. This makes the day-to-day on time detection of virus infections the limiting step in any outbreak. The need for new diagnostic tools easily available to poor and rural underdeveloped areas where health infrastructure and trained personnel are scarce is highly desirable. The widely known intrinsic properties of Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs) embody them with the potential to overcome some of the challenges inherent to virus detection. MOFs are already components of functional devices capable of perform an uninterrupted detection of molecular targets in real time. In this review, we summarise the few studies concerning the reported MOFs used as sensors for pathogenic virus. We emphasise the structural and physical properties of these materials which can open the possibility for their use in this type of sensors and conclude on how the field can progress to envisage the usage of MOFs by the pharmaceutical industry to develop new sensors for these sub-microscopic infectious agents.

Virus meet metal-organic frameworks: A nanoporous solution to a world-sized problem?
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DOI: 10.1016/j.mattod.2020.10.024