Abstract: Rechargeable lithium (Li) metal batteries (LMBs) with ultrahigh-nickel (Ni) layered oxide cathodes offer a great opportunity for applications in electrical vehicles. However, increasing Ni content inherently arouses a tradeoff between specific capacity and electrochemical cyclability due to the aggressive side reactions with electrolyte contributed by the highly reactive Ni species. Here, a protective and stable cathode/electrolyte interphase featuring enriched and evenly-distributed LiF is in situ formed on ultrahigh-Ni cathode LiNi0.94Co0.06O2 (NC) with an advanced ether-based localized high-concentration electrolyte (LHCE), which concurrently shows good compatibility with Li metal anode. Subsequently, the NC cathode can deliver high capacity retentions of 81.4% after 500 cycles at 25?°C and 91.6% after 100 cycles at 60?°C in the voltage range of 2.8–4.4?V in Li||NC cells at 1C cycling rate (1.5?mA?cm−2). Meanwhile, the conductive electrode/electrolyte interphases formed in LHCE enable a high reversible capacity of about 209 mAh g−1 at 3C charging rate. This work provides an effective approach and important insight from the perspective of in situ ultrahigh-Ni cathode/electrolyte interphase protection for high energy–density, long-lasting LMBs.

Stabilizing ultrahigh-nickel layered oxide cathodes for high-voltage lithium metal batteries
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DOI: 10.1016/j.mattod.2021.01.013