The unusual properties of graphene and graphene-like (GL-) layered metal dichalcogenides (LMDs, MoS2, WS2 and SnS2) have stimulated strong interest in GL-LMD/graphene composites. Heterostructures which are constructed by stacking GL-LMD and graphene together are expected to extend the usability of these 2D materials beyond graphene alone. This review will focus on recent progress in the synthesis and applications of GL-LMD/graphene composites in energy storage and conversion. The remarkable electrochemical properties of GL-LMD/graphene for reversible lithium storage are highlighted in particular. The applications of these composites in electrochemical and photochemical water splitting for hydrogen generation are also discussed.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.mattod.2014.04.001