A variety of features broadly classed as deformation microstructure elements are created during the plastic deformation of polycrystalline metals. While virtually all elements of deformation microstructure are composed of dislocations, describing the creation and evolution of larger-scale elements in terms of interactions between individual dislocations is a goal that has not yet been achieved. A hierarchical approach is thus favored in which structure creation and evolution are described at a range of length scales, from the nanometer to millimeter scale.

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DOI: 10.1016/S1369-7021(07)70206-7