Pressure vessels have been used for storing and transporting large amounts of energy across the globe. Driven by the ever-increasing demand for energy, shift toward cleaner sources of combustion, and the discovery of new composite materials – they have quickly adopted to the needs of the 21st century.

While preparing a meal at home, you have often wondered why the cooking gas is stored in liquid form inside the gas cylinder. The answer is pretty simple. It’s significantly cheaper, easier, and safer to store and transport the main constituents of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), butane and propane, in its liquid form rather than its gaseous state. The next question that arises in your mind is – how exactly is this done? Well, the gas is first compressed under high pressure and then stored in its liquid form inside gas cylinders – a very primitive example of a pressure vessel. The utility of such vessels stretches far beyond domestic usage, well into mechanical, automation, and mining industries. Pressure vessels inherently store, transport, and transmit large quantities of energy throughout the planet, aiding the growth of civilization. Traditionally manufactured from alloys of steel and other metals, the latest generation of pressure vehicle uses composite materials for their reinforced properties. According to a report published by Allied Market Research, the pressure vessel composite material market was valued at $434 million in 2016 and expected to reach $1,871 million by 2023, growing at a compound annual growth rate of 23% from 2017 to 2023.

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