Map of Turkey. (Picture used under license from Shutterstock.com © pavalena.)
Map of Turkey. (Picture used under license from Shutterstock.com © pavalena.)
The Turkish composites market by application. (Source: TCMA.)
The Turkish composites market by application. (Source: TCMA.)
The Turkish composites market by process. (Source: TCMA.)
The Turkish composites market by process. (Source: TCMA.)

Speaking at the AVK International Conference in Düsseldorf in October, Ismail Hakki Hacialioglu, President of the Turkish Composites Manufacturers Association (TCMA), gave an overview of the Turkish industry.

He noted that there are 150-200 companies (medium to large-sized) working in the composites industry in Turkey. There are also around 700-800 companies are partially involved in the business – these are companies which are using composite parts but are not saying they are composites producers e.g. boat manufacturers. The industry employs approximately 5000 people. 

The Turkish composites market in 2011 was 190,000 tonnes in terms of production volumes and €1 million in value. (See The European GRP market in 2012 for a comparison with other countries.)

The Turkish composites market is growing faster than that for Europe as a whole. For Turkey the market growth rate for the composites industry is 9-10%, depending on the year, Hacialioglu says, while that for Europe is 4-4.5% (excluding the financial crisis period). 

Pipe and tank production 

The production of pipes and tanks is the biggest market for composites in Turkey, accounting for nearly 50% of the composites used. Construction (19%) and transportation (17%) are also important markets.

In terms of the composite processes used in the country, filament winding and centrifugal casting come out on top. 

Growth potential

Hacialioglu indicated several areas with high growth potential in Turkey. They are:

  • Carbon fibre applications: there is a carbon fibre manufacturer in Turkey – Aksa. Dow Chemical and Aksa have announced a US$1 billion investment in the carbon fibre business in Turkey over the next 10 years. (See Dow and Aksa announce joint venture for carbon fibre and derivatives.)
  • GRP pipes currently have a 50% share of the total Turkish composites market and this is expected to remain the same over the coming years.
  • Automotive and transportation is another area with high growth potential. 
  • The wind energy industry is increasing in Turkey but more investment is needed. (See Turkey invests in wind energy.)
  • Engineering plastics is another promising area and marine will also have a certain share in the future composites business in Turkey.

 


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