Nanoscience and nanotechnologies are expected to change industrial production and economics over the decades to come. This new field is also exciting since it sweeps away the traditional barriers between disciplines such as chemistry, physics, and biology. Nanotechnology requires different thinking in management, collaboration, value chain propositions, education, and calls for research grants. Apart from the benefits and challenges, nanotechnologies also produce uncertainties and risks. For some, the degree of potential hazard associated with nanoparticles is so disquieting that in January 2008 the UK Soil Association adopted a nano-free policy for products certified as organic.

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