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Materials news, December 2022

By forming needles on the surface of galvanized steel, researchers have come up with a cheap and simple way to bond polymers to it.

Researchers have developed a new method for discovering unknown and unpredicted crystalline materials with two or more elements.

New ab-initio simulation unveils ways to reduce friction and wear

metasurface that controls three different optical responses – phase, amplitude, and luminescence – is ideal for optical anti-counterfeiting tags

In a paper in Science, researchers have laid out their vision for electrolyte design in future generations of batteries.

Researchers have shown that plant-based solvents called terpenes can replace toxic chlorinated solvents in the manufacture of organic solar cells.

Synthetic vascular grafts improved by seaweed molecule

Researchers have developed a starch-based polymer that can be used to create a fully biodegradable soft material for sensors.

Researchers have uncovered a new type of fractal in the magnetic noise generated by a class of magnets called spin ices.

A novel gel-based robot, or gelbot, can crawl over a surface, powered by nothing more than temperature changes and clever design.

A new low-temperature process for fabricating bifacial thin-film CIGS solar cells can greatly improve their energy-conversion efficiency.

New electrolyte for lithium-ion batteries stops them catching fire

Researchers have discovered the first known de novo protein that can catalyze the synthesis of cadmium sulfide quantum dots.

A novel method uses topology and machine learning to quantify complex changes in the microscopic magnetic domain structures of magnetic materials.

Reseachers have shown that their 'flash’ Joule heating process can both recover critical metals from old battery anodes and recondition them.

Using a 2D material, researchers created a new type of energy-efficient active pixel sensor that can produce ultra-sharp cellphone photos.

Chemically recycling PVC into usable material without using heat

Researchers have developed a scalable fabrication technique for producing ultrathin, lightweight solar cells that can be stuck onto any surface.

Dissoiving various metals in a liquid gallium solvent causes them to self-assemble into differently shaped crystals, including a tiny zinc snowflake.

Not only does a new metallic alloy have the highest toughness ever recorded, but its strength and ductility also improve as it gets colder.

Researchers have come up with a souped -up method for measuring the 3D orientation of the molecular building blocks of polymers.

Engineers have created a soft robot capable of detecting when and where it is damaged – and then healing itself on the spot.

By adding salt to a polymer electrolyte, researchers have produced a lithium-ion battery that can function at high temperatures without starting a fire.

Researchers have synthesized ‘giant’ core-shell quantum dots with record-breaking emissive lifetimes.

Researchers have shown that metadynamics can be used to find low-energy configurations in the energy landscapes of glassy materials.

Using advanced X-ray techniques, researchers have produced a detailed chemical map of the solid-electrolyte interphase in lithium-metal batteries.

Researchers have used a new nanoscope to investigate light-controlled supercondcutors at extreme scales of space, time and energy.

An integrated electro-optic modulator based on thin-film lithium niobate can efficiently change the frequency and bandwidth of single photons.

Researchers have shown that cationic nanomaterials can target specific areas of fat and inhibit the unhealthy storage of enlarged fat cells.

Using two different approaches, researchers have developed novel electrocatalysts for producing hydrogen that don't contain precious metals.

Researchers have developed an electrochemical method for recycling PVC that actually takes advantage of the toxic plasticizers in PVC.

Researchers have developed a method to predict how crystals take shape from their internal chemistry, even when they lack symmetry.

Researchers have discovered why charged ions can pass through certain 2D materials without leaving holes.

Researchers use AFM to explore PDMS debonding

Researchers have discovered that, in contrast to conventional wisdom, the thermal conductivity of boron arsenide begins to decrease at high pressures.

A new microprinting technique uses sugar and corn syrup to transfer microscopic patterns of materials onto curved surfaces.

Researchers have created a nanomaterial catalyst that needs only the power of light to convert ammonia into clean-burning hydrogen fuel.

Adding organic ammonium salts to the perovskite surface can help to regulate and reduce unwanted energy loss in perovskite solar cells.

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