In association with Harrick Plasma, Materials Today is proud to present a range of freely accessible whitepapers and articles on the various techniques that comprise modern plasma cleaning and surface activation.

A clean surface with controlled and tunable surface chemistry is critical for studying surface interactions of materials and improving interfacial, biological, and electronic properties of materials for optimal device and structural performance.

Plasma surface treatment can be used to control surface properties by removing residual, nanoscale organic contamination and modifying surface chemistry without altering bulk material properties. Plasma treatment occurs at near-ambient temperature, minimizing the risk of damage to heat-sensitive materials. Depending on process gases and usage configuration, plasma treatment can be used to clean, activate, or chemically modify surfaces. Plasma can be applied to a many different materials, including glass, semiconductors, polymers, biomaterials, and metals.

Our microsite provides technical notes and articles that discuss the benefits and applications of plasma treatment. The technical notes include an overiew of plasma treatment and the common uses of our instruments for nanoscale cleaning, microfluidic device fabrication, enhancing surface adhesion, and treating biomaterials. In addition, the articles authored by our users demonstrate the benefits of plasma treatment for various research areas, including optimizing the chemical properties of materials used in solar cell devices, improving biomaterial interaction with cells, and improving adhesive properties of nanoparticles and composite materials.

To discover more about plasma cleaning and surface activation, simply log in with your free Materials Today members account, and start exploring the content below.

Harrick Plasma, Inc.


Altered biofilm formation at plasma bonded surfaces in microchannels studied by attenuated total reflection infrared spectroscopy
Pousti M, and Greener, J. Surface Science. (2018) 676: 56- 60. 

Enhancement in volatile organic compound sensitivity of aged Ag nanoparticle aggregates by plasma exposure
Hosomi K, Ozaki K, Nishiyama F, and Takahiro K. Applied Surface Science. (2018) 427: 848- 853.  

Defect enhances photocatalytic activity of ultrathin TiO2 (B) nanosheets for hydrogen production by plasma engraving metho
Kong X, Xu Y, Cui Z, Li Z, Liang Y, Gao Z, Zhu S, and Yang X. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental. (2018) 230: 11- 17. 

Plasma-assisted alignment in the fabrication of microchannel-array-based in-tube solid-phase microextraction microchips packed with TiO2 nanoparticles for phosphopeptide analysis
Wang S, Wang X, Wang L, Pu Q, Du W, and Guo G.  Anal Chim Acta. (2018) 1018: 70-77. 

A novel approach to decrease friction of graphene
Zeng X, Peng Y, and Lang H. Carbon. (2017) 118: 233- 240.

Strategies to hydrophilize silicones via spontaneous adsorption of poly(vinyl alcohol) from aqueous solution
Yan Y, Qi Y, and Chen W. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physiochemical and Engineering Aspects. (2018) 546: 186- 193. 

Toughness of a brittle epoxy resin reinforced with micro cork particles: Effect of size, amount and surface treatment
Barbosa AQ, da Silva L, Abenojar J, Figueiredo M and Ochsner A. Composites Part B: Engineering. (2017) 114: 299- 310. 

Solution processed NiOx hole-transporting material for all-inorganic planar heterojunction Sb2S3 solar cells
Jin X, Yuan Y, Jiang C, Ju H, Jiang G, Liu W, Zhu C, and Chen T. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells. (2018) 542- 548. 

Photocatalytic TiO2 coating of plastic cutting board to prevent microbial cross-contamination
Yemmireddy VK and Hung YC. Food Control. (2017) 77: 88-95.

Facile preparation of self-healing superhydrophobic CeO2 surface by electrochemical processes
Nakayama K, Hiraga K, Zhu C, Tsuji E, Aoki Y, and Habazaki H. Applied Surface Science. (2017) 423: 968- 976.

The effect of plasma treatment and bioglass paste on enamel white spot lesions
Noha A. El-Wassefy
The Saudi Journal for Dental Research 8, 2017, Pages 58-66.

Removal of antibiotics (sulfamethazine, tetracycline and chloramphenicol) from aqueous solution by raw and nitrogen plasma modified steel shavings
Van Son Tran, Huu Hao Ngo, Wenshan Guo, Cuong Ton-That, Jianxin Li, Jixiang Li, Yi Liu Science of The Total Environment 601–602, 2017, Pages 845-856.

Synergistic oxidation of CVD graphene on Cu by oxygen plasma etching
Lok Shu Hui, Eric Whiteway, Michael Hilke, Ayse Turak
Carbon 125, 2017, Pages 500-508.

Surface modification of poly(ε-caprolactone) by oxygen plasma for antibacterial applications. Biocompatibility and monitoring of live cells
A. Morroa, F. Catalinab, J.L. Pablosb, T. Corralesb, I. Marina, C. Abrusci 
European Polymer Journal 94, 2017, Pages 405-416.

 Substantially enhanced durability of polyhedral oligomeric silsequioxane-polyimide nanocomposites against atomic oxygen erosion
Xiaobing Li, Ahmed Al-Ostaz, Mohammed Jaradat, Farzin Rahmani, Sasan Nouranian, Grace Rushing, Alharith Manasrah, Hunain Alkhateb, Miria Finckenor, Joseph Lichtenhan
European Polymer Journal 92, 2017, Pages 233-249.

Effect of air plasma treatment on mechanical properties of bioactive composites for medical application: Composite preparation and characterization
Hassan Mehboob, Ji-Hun Bae, Min-Gu Han, Seung-Hwan Chang
Composite Structures 143, 2016, Pages 23–32.

Acrylic acid plasma polymerized poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) membranes for methanol/MTBE separation by pervaporation
Mercedes Villegas, Analía I. Romero, Mónica L. Parentis, Elza F. Castro Vidaurre, Juan C. Gottifredi
Chemical Engineering Research and Design 109, 2016, Pages 234–248.

Surface modification of polyelectrolyte multilayers by high radio frequency air plasma treatment
Tiago Dias Martins, Rogério Aparecido Bataglioli, Thiago Bezerra Taketa, Fernando da Cruz Vasconcellos, Marisa Masumi Beppu
Applied Surface Science 329, 2015, Pages 287-291.

Plasma-induced brightening and coarsening of tarnished Ag nanoparticles
Koichi Ozakia, Fumitaka Nishiyamab, Katsumi Takahiro
Applied Surface Science 357 Part B, 2015, Pages 1816–1822

Effect of mechanical, barrier and adhesion properties on oxygen plasma surface modified PP
M. Vishnuvarthanan, N. Rajeswari
Innovative Food Science & Emerging Technologies? 30, 2015, Pages 119–126.

Plasma treatment of PDMS for applications of in vitro motility assays
Rebecca M. Lycans, Catherine B. Higgins, Michael S. Tanner, Eric R. Blough, B. Scott Day
Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces 7, 2014, Pages 687–694.

Reducing wrinkles and cracks of metal films on PDMS substrate by hexane extraction and oxygen plasma etching
Ying Meng, Zhen Bo Li, Xiang Chen, Jia Pin Chen
Microelectronic Engineering 130, 2014, Pages 8–12.

Plasma treated activated carbon impregnated with silver nanoparticles for improved antibacterial effect in water disinfection
N.R. Srinivasan, P.A. Shankar, Rajdip Bandyopadhyaya
Carbon 57, 2013, Pages 1-10.

Performance enhancement in inverted polymer photovoltaics with solution-processed MoOX and air-plasma treatment for anode modification
Jen-Yu Sun, Wei-Hsuan Tseng, Shiang Lan, Shang-Hong Lin, Po-Ching Yang, Chih-I Wu, Ching-Fuh Lin
Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 109 2013, Pages 178–184. 

Plasma treatment for improving cell biocompatibility of a biodegradable polymer scaffold for vascular graft applications
Sarra de Valence, Jean-Christophe Tille, Chiraz Chaabane, Robert Gurny, Marie-Luce Bochaton-Piallat, Beat H. Walpoth, Michael Möller
European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics 85, 2013, Pages 78–86.

Effects of plasma treatment on evolution of surface step-terrace structure of critically cleaned c-plane sapphire substrates: An AFM study
Dan Zhang, Yang Gan
Applied Surface Science 285, Part B, 2013, Pages 211–214.

Modification of amorphous poly(ethylene terephthalate) surface by UV light and plasma for fabrication of an electrophoresis chip with an integrated gold microelectrode?
Zhenxia Hao, Hengwu Chen, Xiaoying Zhu, Jingmin Li, Chong Liu
Journal of Chromatography A1209, Issues 1–2, 2008, Pages 246-252.

Application Notes

Plasma treatment to modify surface chemistry

Plasma treatment to improve functionality of biomaterials

Plasma treatment for microfluidic device fabrication

Benefits of plasma cleaning

Overview of surface plasma treatment

Plasma treatment to enhance surface adhesion

Click here to view our other microsites on subjects such as Thermal Analysis, Imaging, and Nano Surfaces Analysis