Fig. 1.  Weight loss of the as-prepared geopolymer specimens of (K1-xCsx)GP measured by TGA from RT to 1300 °C.
Fig. 1. Weight loss of the as-prepared geopolymer specimens of (K1-xCsx)GP measured by TGA from RT to 1300 °C.

Log in to your free Materials Today account to download the full article.

The thermal evolution of cesium-substituted potassium-based geopolymer ((K1−xCsx)2O·Al2O3·5SiO2·11H2O, x = 0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, and 0.4) on heating is studied by a variety of techniques. Phase compositions and thermal expansion behaviors of the ceramics derived from the geopolymer are characterized. All of the geopolymer specimens with or without cesium substitution exhibit similar thermal evolution trends. Major weight losses before 600 °C from all the geopolymer specimens are observed and are resulted from evaporation of free water and hydroxyl groups. Thermal shrinkage of these specimens can be divided into four stages, i.e. structural resilience, dehydration, dehydroxylation and sintering, according to the dilatometer results. For these specimens, significant difference is observed in the viscous sintering stage and the effect of cesium is to reduce the thermal shrinkage in this stage due to the increased matrix viscosity. In the ceramics derived from geopolymer, the amount of stabilized leucite increases with the amount of cesium and with 20% cesium substitution leucite is fully stabilized in cubic phase.

This article originally appeared in Ceramics International 36(8)2010, Pages 2395-2400

Log in to your free Materials Today account to download the full article.

Already a Materials Today member?

Log in to your Materials Today account to access this feature.