The International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials (IJRMHM) publishes original research articles concerned with all aspects of refractory metals and hard materials. Refractory metals are defined as metals with melting points higher than 1800 °C. These are tungsten, molybdenum, chromium, tantalum, niobium, hafnium, and rhenium, as well as many compounds and alloys based thereupon. Hard materials that are included in the scope of this journal are defined as materials with hardness values higher than 1000 kg/mm2, primarily intended for applications as manufacturing tools or wear resistant components in mechanical systems. Thus they encompass carbides, nitrides and borides of metals, and related compounds. A special focus of this journal is put on the family of hardmetals, which is also known as cemented tungsten carbide, and cermets which are based on titanium carbide and carbonitrides with or without a metal binder. Ceramics and superhard materials including diamond and cubic boron nitride may also be accepted provided the subject material is presented as hard materials as defined above.

The journal seeks contributions that investigate novel alloy design concepts; studies of the relationships between chemical composition, microstructure, and properties; novel methods of characterization and testing, novel methods of synthesis and processing, especially those that result in improved or novel microstructures, leading in turn to improved properties and novel applications. Articles focus on methods and processes that reduce material and energy consumption, hence the cost of these materials will also be considered.

The process technologies may include but are not limited to powder synthesis and production technologies (chemical methods, physical methods such as mechanical ball milling); powder compaction and shaping technologies including die compaction, powder injection molding, and 3D printing; and sintering and consolidation processes such as vacuum sintering, hot isostatic pressing, field assisted sintering, and other advanced hot consolidation techniques. However, manuscripts that focus on processes without a clear explanation on how the process can lead to improved microstructure and properties, or reduction of energy consumption and costs are likely discouraged.

This journal also publishes articles dealing with the deposition process and the microstructure and the measurement of selected properties of coatings, provided the coating consists of a material from the groups defined above, and is applied on the surface of a refractory metal or hard material. For eligibility of such articles the material science aspect of the coatings and if applicable their interrelationship with the properties of the coatings is of prime importance. Papers lacking this focus are usually referred to other journals dedicated to surface coating or machining.

IJRMHM aims to bridge the gap between pure research and the more practical aspects of production and properties. In that IJMHM will continue to provide a medium linking together material scientists, engineers, designers and manufacturers working in this field.

Editorial board


  • Z.Z. Fang
    The University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA

Associate Editors

  • A.J. Gant
    Element Six, Harwell, Oxfordshire, UK
  • P. Rödhammer
    Plansee SE, Tyrol, Austria
  • X. Song
    Beijing University of Technology, Chaoyang District, Beijing, China

Emeritus Editor

  • H. Ortner

Editorial Board

  • G. Aggarwal
    Diamond Innovations, Worthington, Ohio, USA
  • F. Akhtar
    University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan
  • H.-O. Andrén
    Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden
  • P. Angerer
    Materials Center Leoben Forschung GmbH, Leoben, Austria
  • Q. Bai
    Brunel University London, Middlesex, England, UK
  • J. D. Belnap
    Schlumberger Limited, Houston, Texas, USA
  • V.P. Bondarenko
    Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences (NAS), Kiev, Ukraine
  • A. B. Bose
    Materials Processing, Inc., Irving, Texas, USA
  • L. Cornish
    University of the Witwatersrand, WITS, South Africa
  • R.K. Enneti
    Global Tungsten and Powders Corp., Towanda, Pennsylvania, USA
  • M. Filgueira
    Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense (UENF), CAMPOS DOS GOYTACAZES, Brazil
  • J.L. Garcia
    Sandvik Machining Solutions, Stockholm, Sweden
  • R.M. German
    San Diego State University (SDSU), San Diego, California, USA
  • R. Haubner
    Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria
  • J.L. Johnson
  • S. Kang
    Seoul National University (SNU), Gwanag-Gu, Seoul, The Republic of Korea
  • M.I. Karpov
    Russian Academy of Sciences, Chernogolovka, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • H. Kestler
    Plansee SE, Reutte, Austria
  • M.S. Kovalchenko
    Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences (NAS), Kiev, Ukraine
  • G. Leichtfried
    University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
  • W. Lengauer
    Technische Universität Wien, Vienna, Austria
  • N. Li
    Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
  • L.M. Llanes Pitarch
    Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC), Barcelona, Spain
  • D. Mari
    École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Lausanne, Switzerland
  • S. Norgren
    Sandvik Tooling R&D, Stockholm, Sweden
  • S.J. Park
    Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang, The Republic of Korea
  • B. Roebuck
    National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, UK
  • M. Roy
    Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory, Hyderabad, India
  • N. Sacks
    University of the Witwatersrand, WITS, South Africa
  • H.R.Z. Sandim
    Universidade de São Paulo (USP), São Paulo, Brazil
  • V.K. Sarin
    Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
  • P. Schade
    Berlin, Germany
  • J.H. Schneibel
    Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, USA
  • W.D. Schubert
    Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria
  • J.A. Shields, Jr.
    Mill Creek Materials Consulting, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
  • L. Sigl
    Plansee SE, Reutte, Austria
  • G.S. Upadhyaya
    Materials Consultant, Varanansi, India
  • C. Wang
    Saint-Gobain Innovative Materials R&D, Northboro, Massachusetts, USA
  • Q. Wei
    University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, North Carolina, USA
  • B. Zeiler
    International Tungsten Industry Association, London, England, UK
  • W. Zhao
    W.R. Grace & Co., Columbia, Maryland, USA