Block copolymers, either as semiconductors themselves or as structure directors, are emerging as a promising class of materials for understanding and controlling processes associated with both photovoltaic energy conversion and light emitting devices. The increasing interest in block copolymers originates not only from their potential technological advantages but also from their ability to naturally self-assemble into periodic ordered nanostructures. In this article, we emphasize methods by which block copolymer self-assembly can be utilized to rationally design and control the shape and dimension of resulting nanostructures and therefore to develop idealized morphologies. Incorporating these self-organized materials into optoelectronic device fabrication processes or directly into devices will lead to new insights into structure-property relationships and perhaps, ultimately, increases in device efficiency.

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DOI: 10.1016/S1369-7021(10)70083-3