Fig. 1.  SEM photo of erosional Al2O3–2SiO2 powders in 10 M sulphuric acid for 10 h: (a) nature Metakaolin and (b) synthetic Al2O3–2SiO2 powders.
Fig. 1. SEM photo of erosional Al2O3–2SiO2 powders in 10 M sulphuric acid for 10 h: (a) nature Metakaolin and (b) synthetic Al2O3–2SiO2 powders.

Log in to your free Materials Today account to download the full article.

Al2O3–2SiO2 amorphous powders are synthesized by sol–gel method with tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) and aluminum nitrate (ANN) as the starting materials. The microstructure and phase structure of the powders are investigated by SEM and XRD analysis. Geopolymer materials samples are prepared by mechanically mixing stoichiometric amounts of calcined Al2O3–2SiO2 powders and sodium silicate solutions to allow a mass ratio of Na2O/Al2O3 = 0.4, 0.375, 0.35, 0.325, 0.288, 0.26, 0.23 or 0.2 separately, and finally to form a homogenous slurry at a fixed H2O/Na2O mole ratio = 11.7. The results show that the synthetic Al2O3–2SiO2 powders have polycondensed property and their compressive strengthes are similar to that of nature metakaolin geopolymer materials. The results also show that the water consumption is not the main influencing factor on electrical conductivity of harden geopolymer materials but it can intensively affect the microstructure of geopolymer materials. In addition, the electrical conductivity of harden geopolymer sample is investigated, and the results show that the geopolymer materials have a high ionic electrical conductivity of about 1.5 × 10−6 S cm−1 in air at room temperature.

This article originally appeared in Journal of Power Sources 184(2)2008, Pages 652-656

Log in to your free Materials Today account to download the full article.

Already a Materials Today member?

Log in to your Materials Today account to access this feature.