Abstract: The rise of nanotechnology has been propelled by low dimensional metals. Albeit the long perceived importance, synthesis of freestanding metallic nanomembranes, or the so-called 2D metals, however has been restricted to simple metals with a very limited in-plane size (<10?μm). In this work, we developed a low-cost method to synthesize 2D metals through polymer surface buckling enabled exfoliation. The 2D metals so obtained could be as chemically complex as high entropy alloys while possessing in-plane dimensions at the scale of bulk metals (>1?cm). With our approach, we successfully synthesized a variety of 2D metals, such as 2D high entropy alloy and 2D metallic glass, with controllable geometries and morphologies. Moreover, our approach can be readily extended to non-metals and composites, thereby opening a large window to the fabrication of a wide range of 2D materials of technologic importance which have never been reported before.

The controlled large-area synthesis of two dimensional metals
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DOI: 10.1016/j.mattod.2020.02.003