All-solid-state batteries with sulfide electrolytes and high-nickel layered oxide cathodes attract much interest due to their high specific energy. However, their cycling performance is primarily influenced by the interface between the sulfide electrolyte and the high-Ni layered oxide particles, which requires the use of composite cathodes with high ionic and electronic conductivities to achieve a kinetically stable interface inside the cathode. Here, we apply Ti2O3 particles to the high-Ni cathode LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 (NCM811), where Ti2O3 not only acts as an electronic conductor to provide a fast diffusion path for electrons in the composite cathode, but also absorbs the lattice oxygen released from NCM811 cathode during cycling, stabilizing the Li6PS5Cl/NCM811 interface and suppressing electrolyte oxidation. The as-modified cathode exhibits an initial specific capacity of 192 mAh g−1 and retains 166 mAh g−1 after 140 cycles at 0.1C rate with a good capacity retention of 86.5%. Furthermore, the composite cathode displays high rate capability even at 1C rate. By contrast, the unmodified Li6PS5Cl/NCM811 cathode shows poor cycling performance with only 130 mAh g−1 remaining after 130 cycles. This work provides a new direction for the design of cathodes for all-solid-state batteries that can deliver high specific energy with long cycle life.

Achieving stable all-solid-state lithium-metal batteries by tuning the cathode-electrolyte interface and ionic/electronic transport within the cathode

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DOI: 10.1016/j.mattod.2023.03.001