This review describes the overall research activities focused on developing high-performance Li-ion batteries (LIBs) fabricated with various TiO2 polymorphs as insertion anodes. Although several polymorphs of TiO2 have been reported, only the anatase, rutile, bronze, and brookite phases have proven promising. The bronze phase's lower insertion potential, high reversibility and high current performance makes it an attractive candidate for constructing high power and high energy density Li-ion power packs. In addition, the bronze phase exhibits superior performance over the conventional, commercialized spinel Li4Ti5O12 anodes when coupled with the olivine phase LiFePO4. This exceptional behavior of the bronze phase opens new avenues for the development of high power LIBs capable of powering zero emission transportation and grid storage.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.mattod.2015.02.015