At present, no known material or storage means exists that satisfies all requirements to enable high-volume automotive application, however materials do exist that would satisfy requirements for near-term non-vehicular PEM fuel cell applications. The US DOE recognizes that non-vehicular early market applications are the most likely paths for the successful demonstration and application of material-based hydrogen storage technology. In this review, we provide a practical overview of the most probable near-term PEM fuel cell markets as identified through market reviews with an emphasis on the attributes of the relevant materials-based hydrogen storage for those near-term markets.


This article was originally published in Current Opinion is Solid State & Materials Science (2011) 15, 29-38.

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