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Materials news, January 2020

Researchers have discovered that layered biological materials are not so tough when they are curved rather than flat.

Scientists have created self-assembled monolayers that are stable in air, made from spherical buckyballs with 'tails' of of ethylene glycol.

By studying a 'strange metal', physicists have uncovered direct evidence of quantum entanglement's role in bringing about quantum criticality.

Scientists have come up with a new approach to measuring the properties of quantum materials, which they term magneto-elastoresistance (MER).

Mechanoluminescent material visualizes the location of impacts

Strange metals and quantum entanglement

Researchers have shown how a simple layered material transforms into a composite material with a 3D structure when it freezes around a template.

Applying an AC electric field to a piezoelectric crystal can turn it transparent by realigning its crystalline domains.

Tuning the body’s inflammatory response with hydrogels

Although intentional defects in a battery cathode can improve its performance, too many defects can leave the cathode at risk of fracture.

Researchers have confirmed experimentally that, as predicted, isotopically enriched cubic boron nitride does have a high thermal conductivity.

Stellar material is older than old

A new DNA-programmable nanofabrication platform can organize and assemble a variety of different nanomaterials in the same prescribed ways.

A newly synthesized class of ‘super-diamond’ carbon-based material can alter its properties depending on which guest atoms are trapped in its cages.

Light-activated biomimetic hydrogel for infection-beating wound dressings

A nanoparticle comprising tiny spheres of copper dotted with single atoms of ruthenium makes an effective light-powered catalyst for producing syngas.

By combining electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy, researchers have been able to watch the growth of lithium dendrites.

The properties of perovskites can be controlled with strain engineering by growing thin films on substrates with different compositions.

For the first time, researchers have been able to grow, image with atomic resolution and investigate the properties of 2D amorphous carbon.

A novel composite material based on a metal-organic framework that can destroy toxic nerve agents has been integrated with textile fibers.

A plant-based adhesive can repair itself if damaged and could be more green than conventional glues

A new method for growing thin layers of the semiconductor gallium nitride can produce high-power transistors.

Researchers have developed a new version of the high-pressure carbon monoxide gas-phase process for producing single-walled carbon nanotubes.

Making your phone last longer with sulfur

Second-order nonlinear optical effects can be induced in a titanium dioxide slab by covering it in gold triangles.

Researchers have used a ‘multi-messenger’ approach to probe the properties of quantum materials at nanoscale resolutions.

Scientists have found a way to study the structure and properties of the underside of a freestanding complex oxide thin film.

By using aqueous electrolytes with a novel electrode, researchers have been able to produce a safe, cost-efficient battery that still performs well.

For the first time, scientists have managed to grow aluminum-based semiconductors for solar cells using hydride vapor phase epitaxy.

Droplets containing chain-like liquid crystal molecules with different lengths can transform into complex shapes when the temperature drops.

A novel polymer sponge covered in nanocrystalline silicon can remove over 90% of oil microdroplets from wastewater within 10 minutes.

Researchers have found that doping can turn the halide perovskite caesium tin iodide into an inexpensive, non-toxic thermoelectric material.

A new method for the solid-state thermal processing of silk allows the biopolymer to be molded directly into bulk parts with tunable properties.

nanocrystal core-shell catalyst for fuel cells uses less Pt but drives the oxygen reduction reaction more efficiently and is more durable

2019 Materials Today Innovation Award recognizes the development of high-quality growth methods for III-V compound semiconductor materials

A novel polymer can quickly transform from a thermal conductor to an insulator, and back again, in response to temperature changes.

A plastic wrap with a nanostructured, chemically treated surface can repel everything that comes into contact with it, including viruses and bacteria.

Neutron scattering experiments have helped to optimize a novel zeolite catalyst that can convert biomass into fuel sources with a high efficiency.

More durable materials from 3D printing of polymers

Turning natural atomic flaws inside diamond anvils into quantum sensors offers a novel way to study the effects of pressure on materials.

Automating polymer synthesis with robotics

New color fabric approach that helps control its spread of disease

Taking inspiration from drug discovery, scientists have developed metal-organic frameworks that can capture carbon dioxide from wet flue gasses.

Researchers have found that opaque silicon solar cells can be made transparent by simply punching lots of tiny holes into them.

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