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Materials news, March 2016

Fibers with gills help cells grow

Polymer fibers with ‘gills’ that resemble the underside of a mushroom could improve tissue engineering approaches to bone repair.

A new recipe for liquid batteries

Making a viable liquid metal battery with calcium and magnesium.

Sunlight stimulates titania nanoparticles on carbonized cotton fabric to break down organic dye.

Cambridge researchers have shown that particle size isn’t the only concern when it comes to the risks posed by volcanic ashes.

Taiwanese researchers suggest that graphene’s high thermal conductivity could further improve the lifetime of LEDs.

Scientists have developed a new method for making single crystals from glasses and other solid materials with disordered atomic structures.

Scientists have developed a renewable thermoplastic by replacing the styrene in acrylonitrile butadiene styrene with lignin from wood.

A new hybrid material featuring a combination of rigid metal and soft, porous rubber foam can be either stiff or elastic as required.

New spintronic device with sandwich-like insulation.

Repeatedly crumpling and wrinkling a sheet of graphene can make it water-repellent and enhance its electrochemical properties.

A new NMR spectroscopy technique allows hyperpolarized xenon gas to be dissolved into samples without disrupting their molecular order.

European Commission EUR 3 million challenge for materials solutions to reduce concentration of particulates in urban areas

New process for using atmospheric CO2 in environmentally friendly battery electrodes.

Property of organic semiconductor molecule could improve device efficiency.

Novel devices that produce electricity from pulses of heat traveling along carbon nanotubes can generate as much power as today's batteries.

By coating transparent elastomers with silver nanowires, scientists have developed a novel technique for quickly changing the opacity of a window.

A new electron microscopy technique can follow atomic-scale physical processes occurring at the surfaces of materials in situ and in real time.

Scientists have discovered that electrons in novel crystalline materials called Weyl semi-metals sink into the crystal through special conductive channels.

The performance of metal hydride fuel cells can be improved using magnesium oxide nanocrystals coated with graphene oxide.

Scientists have been able to create the world's thinnest lens from molybdenum disulphide, due to its remarkable optical properties.

A novel ice-repellent coating made from a blend of common synthetic rubbers can cause ice to slide off surfaces.

Read more about the study here.

Details of the five finalists for Elsevier's Green and Sustainable Chemistry Challenge.

Read more about the study here.

The vibrations of the outermost atomic layers at the surface of a nanomaterial are comparatively large and play an important role in how it behaves.

Wrapping graphene in a specially prepared polymer produces an effective support for gold nanoparticle catalysts for fuel cells.

A composite of a MOF and the iron-containing molecule ferrocene can separate oxygen from other gases.

Scientists have used a helium ion microscope to control the conductivity and distribution of ferroelectric domains on a 2D material.

New excitonic devices made from the 2D materials molybdenum disulfide and hexagonal boron nitride can control excitons at room temperature.

A new flexible, stretchable and tunable ‘meta-skin’ uses rows of small, liquid-metal devices to cloak an object from radar.

Graphene can transmit high frequency electrical signals without energy loss, outperforming any other known material, including superconductors.

A new machine learning tool can predict a theoretical polymer's electronic properties from its atomic configuration.

Using a 3D printer, scientists have fabricated complex 3D structures made from graphene oxide and ice.

Low-frequency Raman spectroscopy can characterize the patterns produced when 2D materials are stacked on top of each other and twisted.

Scientists have shown that the fungus Neurospora crassa can transform manganese into a composite for use in lithium-ion batteries.

By combining microscopy and theoretical calculations, scientists have studied the properties of a promising next-generation energy storage material.

A novel electroluminescent ‘skin’ can stretch to more than six times its original size while still emitting light.

A new metamaterial made from specially-patterned polymeric materials can separate and concentrate chemical compounds.

Adding a tiny quantity of carbon nanotubes to metals such as aluminum can dramatically reduce the embrittlement caused by radiation.

By synthesizing highly pure crystals, scientists have overcome a practical limit on the efficiency of cadmium telluride solar cells.

Scientists have shown that carbon nanotubes produced from atmospheric carbon dioxide can form the basis for battery electrodes.

Scientists have discovered a new one atom-thick material made from silicon, boron and nitrogen that is stable and semiconducting.

New flexible conductive tracks made from a liquid metal alloy can be stretched up to four times their original length in all directions.

Tiny tunable laser made from nano wire.

Infrared boost for the digital world thanks to plasmonics.

A new surface for controlling infrared plasmons could form the basis for faster, more efficient ways of transmitting massive amounts of data.

Electronic vortices forming on the surface of graphene lead to negative resistance

Using everyday materials like paper and foil, engineers have developed a low-cost sensor that can detect external stimuli.

Scientists have found a way to fabricate a novel 2D heterojunction by bringing together graphene and gallium selenide.

Poly(ε-caprolactone) used as a scaffold to mimic the pre-metastatic niche

By depositing tiny titanium oxide crystals on a rubber-like material, scientists have developed a novel device for manipulating light.

Scientists have zoomed in on the quantum phase transition that could explain why copper oxides are high-temperature superconductors.

Scientists have discovered that the rearrangement of particles during deformation resembles avalanches that span the entire material.

Through the EU research project HealCON, scientists are examining three different approaches to creating concrete that can repair itself.

Scientists have come up with a way to increase the conductivity of two novel electrode materials for lithium-ion batteries.

Scientists have developed two new sustainable electrode materials for sodium-ion batteries.

Realistic facial expressions may be coming to a robot near you, thanks to work from engineers in Singapore.

See your image on the cover of Nano Today in 2016.

The structure of a pine branch provided researchers with inspiration for next-gen fuel cell electrodes.

biomaterials based on seaweed-derived alginate could improve polyurethanes used to repair cardiac and vascular tissue

Using a technique known as nanotexturing, graphene can be manipulated to create the most light-absorbent material for its weight developed to date.

A novel anti-fouling coating comprises a hydrophilic polymer that forms strong covalent bonds with various materials.

Carbon-based scaffold with hierarchical architecture could help muscle tissue regenerate after injury or disease.

A material made of carbon nanotubes and copper oxide nanocrystals can use sunlight to split carbon dioxide and water into green fuels.

For the first time, scientists have observed electrons in graphene behaving like a fluid.

A one-atom-thick layer of tin monoxide is the first stable P-type 2D semiconducting material ever discovered.

Scientists have developed a way to fabricate atomically-precise two-dimensional superstructures out of the nanocrystals known as quantum dots.

Researchers have developed a new polymer suited for photostructuring, a technique for creating micro-scale shapes.

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