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Materials news, August 2018

Scientists take control of line defects in bilayer graphene

Using video game controllers with electron microscopy, researchers have developed a way to move line defects around in bilayer graphene.

Large proteins produce synthetic spider silk just like natural version

Researchers have produced a biosynthetic spider silk that is the first to replicate the strength and toughness of natural spider silk.

Synthesizing stronger spider silk.

Making magnesite much faster for CO2 sequestration.

Computer simulations show that nanoscale patterning on surfaces is an effective means of engineering materials for unique water dynamics.

Superlubricity in two-dimensional material interface.

New approach to reverse osmosis membranes, cuts energy, resources, improves efficiency.

The submission deadline is 30 September 2018.

A novel platinum-gold alloy, 100 times more durable than high-strength steel, is believed to be the most wear-resistant metal in the world.

Adding lithium ions into the crystal structure of a quantum material called samarium nickelate makes it an ion conductor but an electrical insulator.

Two types of nanoribbons produce material that traps single electrons at the junctions of ribbon segments.

Researchers can fine-tune the electronic, mechanical and optical properties of 2D heterostructures by varying the angle between the crystals in real time.

Scientists have used a squid-inspired protein to create films that act as a thermal switch, increasing their thermal conductivity on exposure to water.

Researchers have discovered that mixing granular materials creates both mixed and non-mixed regions.

New polymeric material with applications in tissue engineering and cellular transplantation.

Multi-material smart material prototype based on seed coat of some plants.

Scientists have discovered that negatively curved carbon sheets known as schwarzites can be synthesized inside the pores of zeolites.

Synthetic biology protein and polymer building blocks are used to construct ‘smart’ materials systems that can perceive and process information.

Advanced synchrotron small-angle and wide-angle X-ray scattering reveals how dental caries evolve and the changes in structure of enamel at the nanoscale.

Researchers have made triple-layered hollow nanostructures consisting of a conductive organic core sandwiched between two inorganic layers.

A 2D tungsten ditelluride bilayer develops a spontaneous electrical polarization that allows it to undergo ‘ferroelectric switching’.

Scientists have designed auxetic materials with smooth curves for distributing forces that can deform repeatedly.

Simple, universal reflux pre-treatment and sonication method produces measurable amounts of two-dimensional quantum dots from bulk raw materials.

Scientists have discovered that defects in zirconium-based metal-organic frameworks can actually improve their ability at capturing carbon dioxide.

The puzzle-like wavy structure of the seed coat found in some grasses could hold the secret to creating smart materials that are both flexible and strong.

Catalytically active Pd nanoclusters inside organic molecular cages avoids aggregation and other problems.

Two-dimensional atomically thin layers of the metal gallium - known as gallenene - have been created on silicon substrates.

Nanowires could help restore impaired neurological functions involved in vision and movement

Fire-resistant wallpaper based on inorganic nanowires and graphene oxide (GO) thermal sensors sounds an alarm in the event of fire.

Scientists have discovered that tiny distortions in the crystal lattice of iron pnictide help it to enter a superconducting state as it's cooled.

By mixing nanocrystals with polymers and ligands, scientists have found a way to switch between a liquid-like state and a solid-like state.

Researchers have developed a way to embed high-speed optoelectronic semiconductor devices within fibers, which can then be woven into fabrics.

Quantum computing could benefit from the finding that electrons can be trapped between graphene nanoribbons with different topologies,

Novel all-solid-state batteries based on thin films benefit from low resistance at the interface between the electrode and the solid electrolyte.

Scientists have discovered that cuprates seem to carry electric current in an entirely different way to conventional metals such as copper.

Long-term water-repellent metal surfaces may be one step closer.

Researchers have found that ‘rebar graphene’, in which graphene is reinforced with carbon nanotubes, is more than twice as tough as pristine graphene.

Researchers have created self-folding 3D structures by attaching paperboard sheets with specific patterns to a polymer substrate.

Could the touch of a finger make mobile data storage more secure?

Could carbon nanotubes give us stronger Kevlar bullet-proof vests?

A novel quantum material composed of hafnium, tellurium and phosphorus is the first to have multiple quantum properties.

Researchers have used a chemical process discovered decades ago to make the linkages between covalent organic frameworks much sturdier.

A new artificial intelligence model can accurately detect different atomic structures in metallic materials with defects.

A new method allows optical fibers to identify the material they are in contact with by using a light beam within the fiber to generate a sound wave.

Submit your nomination for the 2019 Nano Today Award.

Using a form of Raman microscopy developed for biomedical studies, scientists have explored the mechanism behind dendrite growth in lithium batteries.

A cobalt-tungsten catalyst starts growing carbon nanotubes with various chiral angles but redirects almost all of them toward one fast-growing variant.

Niobium tungsten oxides with a complex crystalline structure allow lithium ions to move through them at higher rates than typical electrode materials.

Researchers have developed magnetic elastomeric composites that move in different ways when exposed to light, such as bending, twisting and expanding.

The first experimental realization and structural investigation of 2D vanadium disulphide has revealed a new vanadium sulphide compound.

A new material derived from crab shells and tree fibers has the potential to replace the flexible plastic packaging used to keep food fresh.

Researchers have developed a new way for modeling to the atomic level how metallic glasses behave as they fracture.

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